An overview of the prevention of aboriginal suicide in canada

This report sheds light on some of the root causes of suicide and presents recommendations to reverse the alarming trend among First Nations youth in Canada. Our objective for this paper is to offer a review of the challenges related to suicide surveillance in Canada and discuss strengths and limitations for monitoring outcomes related to suicide prevention among Indigenous peoples.

Suicide rates among Inuit youth are among the highest in the world, at 11 times the national average.

Aboriginal mental health issues canada

A key element of the strategy is to support community-based solutions to youth suicide, which is rooted in the evidence regarding what is most likely to be effective in preventing Aboriginal youth suicide. Indigenous Services Canada is working with national Aboriginal organizations on an evidence-based national strategy to address suicide prevention. For many First Nations and Inuit youth, the root causes of suicide go much deeper to factors beyond an individual's control. Progress on this particular TRC Call to Action has been slow because in addition to the lack of ethnic identifiers, several long-standing factors make it difficult to measure suicide. Specifically, we recommend establishing an independent community and scientific governing council, integrating Indigenous identifiers into population health datasets, increasing geographic coverage, improving suicide data quality, comprehensiveness, and timeliness, and developing a platform for making suicide data accessible to all stakeholders. Globally, the World Health Organization WHO recommended that all countries develop a national suicide prevention strategy that integrates a comprehensive suicide surveillance program with policy and interventions [ 31 ]. In recent years, Indigenous-focused suicide prevention programs have received major government investments but have operated without detailed data on the epidemiology of suicide. Data gaps still exist today, and national organizations including Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami, the Canadian Association for Suicide Prevention, and the Mental Health Commission of Canada and Indigenous governments have called for enhanced suicide surveillance capacity that includes accurate and Indigenous-specific data [ 9 , 12 , 29 , 30 ]. Despite all that is known about the causes and impacts of suicide, population-specific statistics are not widely available and often do not describe the full extent of the problem. If you're experiencing emotional distress and want to talk, call the Hope for Wellness Help Line at or the online chat at hopeforwelness.

Suicide prevention generally involves finding ways to reduce risk factors and promoting protective and preventive factors against suicide. The omission of ethnic identifiers makes it difficult to measure changes in health status at the population level [ 2021 ].

While there is much variation among communities, overall rates are high.

indigenous depression canada

The inaugural CSSIF publication reported baseline incidence and prevalence rates for monitoring suicide and suicide-related outcomes [ 32 ]. We then review recent data on the epidemiology of suicide and suicidal behaviour among Indigenous populations, and identify challenges related to national surveillance.

indigenous youth suicide crisis canada

Addressing Youth Suicide Prevention Suicide is a problem that not only affects youth but impacts the whole community. We aim to address this by: 1 examining the policy context for suicide surveillance in public health; 2 describing the sources of population health data commonly used in suicide surveillance; 3 synthesizing recent data on the epidemiology of suicide among Indigenous populations; 4 identifying challenges related to Indigenous-specific suicide surveillance; and 5 proposing strategies to better track progress in Indigenous suicide prevention.

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Suicide Prevention